Examples. (uncertainty) We can’t lift 100 kilos. 1. Modal Verbs Exercise 2 – English Grammar Exercises. Toni: Why do you say that? 3. Probability Example 1. 3. Many do not have a past tense. She can speak German. 1. That must be Maria on the phone - she’s the only person with my new number. or be likely to/that: Do you think he may/might know Susan's telephone number? We say “I can”, “she can”, “they can”, etc. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. (deduction), For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Categories of meaning expressed by modals, Modals to express permission / prohibition: CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, BE ALLOWED TO, MUSTN'T, BE TO, Modals to express predictions: BE GOING TO, WILL, Modals to express deduction: MUST, CAN'T, COULDN'T. The odds are Example – The odds are he will win the gold medal. 4. –> This is specific: it could take you two hours, not someone else. Examples: She could be late. Probability is the chance or likelihood that an event will happen. We use may, might and could to say that something is possible, but not certain: They may come by car. There is a good chance Example – There’s a good chance India may win. Pengertian Expressing Possibility and Impossibility di Lengkapi Contoh Percakapan dalam Bahasa Inggris Hello sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris), bagaimana cara mengungkapkan suatu hal yang kita tidak benar yakin itu terjadi atau tidak terjadi dalam bahasa Inggris? You need to face the possibility that she will not come back. You can find links to the exercises at the bottom of the page. (Perhaps she doesn't/won't remember you.). The construction in the present would be: Present = could + verb (do) Examples of using could in the present tense in dialogue include: Jane could be at work, or she could be at home. May, might, and could are all used to show possibility in the past. This could not be the only book available. Modal Verb + Have + Past Participle 1. If three marbles are drawn from the jar at random, what is the probability that the first marble is red, the second marble is blue, and the third is white? He may/might know Susan's telephone number. (Perhaps he has died, but we don't know.). Here are some common present modal verbs. Imay go traveling next year. We can cook. Probably Example – It’s probably going to rain tonight. 3. P(at least one head) = 1 – P(all tails) = 1 – 1/32 = 31/32. May/might not + perfect infinitive is used for uncertainty, but could not + perfect infinitive (except for the case above) expresses deduction: I had better call Anne. Someone is knocking on the door. It is just one of a number of possibilities. If we don't hurry, we could be late. Must can be used in the same way to show certainty in the past. May, might, and could are all used to show possibility in the past. (= Maybe they will come by car.) They have to be in Charlotte before Thursday. He must have won the game. The same is true for “could” in the past. This form is not as strong as might or may. (they are very polite). (Mengapa kamu mengatakan itu?) Could, may or might convey the idea of future possibility. Click on the links below to learn and practice. We use these modals to describe a possible action. The word probability is derived from the Latin word probabilitas, which means provable. Improve your English grammar with more lessons and exercises. Possibility Use could, might and may to show that something is possible in the future, though you are not 100% certain. Try the tests below: Grammar    Writing   Listening    Reading    Vocabulary    Pronunciation, IELTS   TOEFL   TOEIC   Business English   Logic Activities, Copyright © 2021 360Learning Inc.Home You can work from the following list or choose your own. They could be in the car. (Tampaknya Indonesia akan kalah dalam pertandingan.) They have never met. (present possibility) For this speaking activity, the students have to use the target language to describe different nouns to the class. 2. Alicia cannot drive a car. She can cook really well. Solution (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Several modal verbs show possibility, including might, may, could, and must. may. She must be on the bus. The probability is 13/52 x 12/51 = 12/204 = 1/17. There is a grammar explanation at the bottom of the page. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. It must be cold. Have to is much less formal than must, and is common in conversation. (Although it seems obvious, it is not a fact that the runner is tired.). (I was very happy). I may/might see you later. Couldn't + perfect infinitive is often used with comparative adjectives: It was a great year, and I couldn't have been happier. ". Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. He couldn't be at home. (I'm fairly sure this isn't true) Notice that the opposite of 'must ' is ' can't in this case. Katie may belate to the movie. Definition The modal verb mightis most often used to express an unlikely or uncertain possibility. I could have caught the bus if I had hurried. Don't rule out the possibility of a company merger. I talk about how to use these verbs and give you example sentences. May is formal and is often found in writing, like this example: Might is less formal than may, and is more common in conversation. May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb. 1. Fill in each gap using must, can’t, could, may or might. (Although it seems obvious, it is not a fact that the runner is tired.). He might/could have died. Use These Examples of Probability To Guide You Through Calculating the Probability of Simple Events. (maybe) She could be lost. Paul and Ingrid can ski. Might not shows that something probably will not happen in the future. (= Maybe they are at home.) Use could have, might have and may have to show that something was possible in the past up until now. How to Use "Possibility" with Example Sentences. " will. 1. She may be late. 2. Where are my keys? They could still be waiting for us. Present: Where are my keys? My keys might be in the car. (maybe) She can't be at home. They might be at home. Mightis also used to very formally or politely ask for permission, and it is used as the past-tense form of maywhen asking permission in reported speech. 4. In this exercise you will practise using modal verbs to express present probability: must, can’t, could, may, might. Contoh Dialog Expressing Possibility and Impossibility. … He is away on holiday. The negative form couldn't is often used with comparative adjectives: The food is delicious, and the staff couldn't be more polite. He may/might/could have died. Sample Probability questions with solutions. I must be careful not to upset him. May, might and could + perfect infinitive express uncertainty with reference to past actions: We haven't heard from him for ten years. I can play the guitar. But when we want to say that something was possible but did not happen, we use might or could: He was very careless when crossing the road. He was running for 2 hours. We use “CAN” to express 1. In addition to ‘may’, ‘could’, ‘might’ and ‘must’ are also used in expressing possibility. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. : A third possibility is that structural position and self-monitoring may have relatively independent, additive effects on performance in organizations. They will then have to explain what it is by talking about what they may or may not do with it. I may/might see you later. Would you like to practice your understanding of modal verbs for possibility? 4. Future: We could go to the party tonight. We should arrive in Vancouver in about an hour. Tono: The match will end in a few minutes and Indonesia still do not score a goal. Although might and could express possibility in a similar way, the negative forms of might and could are different. Certainty, or the belief of certainty, from the speaker. It is the ratio of the number of ways an event can occur to the number of possible outcomes. Present modal verbs of probably are often constructed with “be” following them. They ought to be home by the time we get there. - We use will to express a strong possibility that something is true, especially when we don’t have actual evidence at the moment. Present: Where are my keys? Mike can swim well. Oliver can perform two tasks at a time. I'm not sure. Probability of getting no head = P(all tails) = 1/32. What does might mean? May and might are usually not used to introduce a question. Talking about a specific possibility in the present or future. George must beon the plane by now. –> Again, this is specific: we’re talking about this summer, not every summer. Future: We could go to the party tonight. (Perhaps he knows her number.) Sol: Probability math - Total … (He didn't die.) Instead, we can use Do you think? He must be tired. ". " He might have brought the cake. Here are some examples of how we might voice our … Side effects of this medication may include upset stomach and fever. This modal verbs for possibility lesson shows you how to use them all correctly in English. Write the word on a piece of paper and show it to that student only. One at a time, a student will come to the front of the class to describe an object to the room. They could have worked late. If you find the free materials useful and want complete access to all of our teaching resources, you should consider becoming a member . May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. In this English lesson you will learn few expressions that will help you to express possibility. Use could to express a possibility which is one of many. 2. Ability Sarven can ride a bike. He was running for 2 hours. It’s quite likely The common modal verbs in English are: can. May shows possibility in the present or the future. I can play table tennis. 2. Present: Where are my keys? Modal verbs are a very important of the English language. - We use must to express complete certainty. “Auxiliary Verb Can”Modal Auxiliary verb ‘can’ is used to express ability, request and possibility, as we will see in the following examples. Everyone is wearing a jacket. I can drive safely. Are you likely to get here before 8? While it represented possibility, a blank slate, it also represented an emptiness that needed to be filled. Drew can’t be goingto the party. (= Maybe we will be late.) May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. That will be Maria on the phone - she said she’d call. (Perhaps I will see you later.) She could not know who my friend is. Could not shows that something is impossible. Might is defined as to express doubt or a lower possibility. They can eat with chop sticks. (Perhaps he knows her number.) Jan can not run fast. Dengan kata lain, kejadian tersebut mungkin terjadi atau mungkin tidak terjadi. 5. You can see “can” is always followed by a base verb. However, that only goes for random choices. In this posting I discuss 6 types of modals: modals of ability, permission, probability, advice, necessity, and polite requests. Flying can betoo expensive. In Spanish, there are many different ways of expressing possibility and probability. It does not mater what the subject is. 1. a) To Express Ability/Inability 1. May and Might – possibility The verbs ‘may’ and ‘might’ are used to say that something is possibly true: I think I might be coming down with the flu. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility. (future possibility) 2. For instance, if we were watching a trapeze artist perform in a circus we could use some different modals to describe the action. She may/might not have read my e-mail. 2. shall. 3. (He is usually at work at this time of the day.). Example. What is the probability of getting a sum of 7 when two dice are thrown? Exercise instructions. (maybe) She may be in the wrong room. My job has opened up new possibilities for me. You can use three verbs: could, may, might.For example: It could take you two hours to get there by train. Example 2: A jar contains 4 blue marbles, 5 red marbles and 11 white marbles. Let's explore all of the possibilities. It has to be cold. ". " Let's say you have ten pairs of socks in your sock drawer. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility. About. (I'm fairly sure this is a good guess) She might come soon. 3. 2. It couldn't have been John you saw this morning. She may have gone home early. 6. We'll use the following model to help calculate the probability of simple events. (I didn't hurry, so I didn't catch the bus.). Demo it a c… If you closed your eyes and picked one, there is a very likely (8/10 or 80%) chance that you're going to pick a pair of yellow socks. When talking about the present, modal verbs of probability express a guess or suggestion. Here are some examples: Present. Tono: It seems Indonesia will lose the match. Modal verbs are a special class of verbs that add degrees of ability, possibility, permission or obligation to another verb. She might be late. What about specific possibilities? (Perhaps I will see you later.) He can speak Japanese. Modal Verb + Base Verb I can’t type very fast. What is the probability of the occurrence of a number that is odd or less than 5 when a fair die is rolled. Inability He can’t ride a horse. This summer might be really hot. Is it likely that you will get here before 8? You could also express this as 0.058 or 5.8%. Could can be used instead of may and might with the verb be: You could be right. Eight of them are yellow, and two of them are black. Must can be used in the same way to show certainty in the past. Must, may, might, can’t and couldn’t are used with a present perfect verb form to show how certain a speaker is that a past situation happened or didn’t happen. This ESL lesson plan contains activities, games and resources that teach upper-intermediate level students how to express certainty and possibility in English. He has to be tired. Examples: It can also be used to suggest an action, or to introduce two differing possibilities. Request Can you help me? Let’s stop by their house on the way home. Edina is studying the possibility of a commuter rail service through the city and is seeking feedback from residents and … They can perform on stage. Might not shows that something probably is not true. Modal verbs explained with examples with pictures English grammar Modal verbs explained with examples and pictures learning English grammar. The plural form of probability is probabilities. must. Something is possible in the present or future. 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